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        首頁 » 新聞中心 » 行業新聞 » 人民代表大會制度,為中國共產黨領導人民有效治理國家提供了重要制度保障
        人民代表大會制度,為中國共產黨領導人民有效治理國家提供了重要制度保障
        www.lbfuneralhome.com 2022-09-15 08:08 翻譯公司
         

        人民代表大會制度,是適應人民民主專政國體的政權組織形式,是中國的根本政治制度,是中國人民當家作主的根本途徑和最高實現形式,是實現全過程人民民主的重要制度載體。

        The system of people's congresses, an organizational form of political power compatible with the governing system of the people's democratic dictatorship, is China's fundamental political system, and the ultimate approach and optimal solution to guaranteeing the people's status as masters of the country.

        人民通過人民代表大會有效行使國家權力。

        The people exercise state power effectively through people's congresses.

        人民代表大會制度,為中國共產黨領導人民有效治理國家提供了重要制度保障。

        The system of people's congresses has provided institutional guarantee for the CPC to lead the people in effectively running the country.

        人民代表大會制度是符合中國國情和實際、體現社會主義國家性質、保證人民當家作主、保障實現中華民族偉大復興的好制度。

        The system of people's congresses is the optimal choice, in accord with China's national conditions and realities. It embodies the socialist nature of the state and guarantees the people's principal position and nation

        實行人民代表大會制度的政體

        The Governing Structure of the System of People's Congressesnal rejuvenation.

        堅持和完善中國共產黨領導的多黨合作和政治協商制度

        The System of Multiparty Cooperation and Political Consultation Under CPC Leadership

        長期共存、互相監督、肝膽相照、榮辱與共

        Long-term coexistence, mutual oversight, sincerity, and sharing the rough times and the smooth

        會議協商、約談協商、書面協商

        forums, talks, and written and other forms of consultation

        中國共產黨領導的多黨合作和政治協商制度,真實、廣泛、持久代表和實現最廣大人民根本利益、全國各族各界根本利益,有效避免了舊式政黨制度代表少數人、少數利益集團的弊端;把各個政黨和無黨派人士緊密團結起來、為著共同目標而奮斗,有效避免了一黨缺乏監督或者多黨輪流坐莊、惡性競爭的弊端;通過制度化、程序化、規范化的安排集中各種意見和建議、推動決策科學化民主化,有效避免了舊式政黨制度囿于黨派利益、階級利益、區域和集團利益決策施政導致社會撕裂的弊端。

        The system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC is an extensive and reliable means of representing and fulfilling the interests of the maximum number of people of all ethnic groups and social sectors. It avoids the drawbacks of the old political party system that stood for only a small number of people and interest groups. It unites all political parties and the non-affiliates towards a common goal, effectively mitigating the risks of inadequate oversight in one-party rule, and the problems of continual transfers of governing parties and destructive competition in multiparty political systems. Through standardized institutional procedures and arrangements, it pools ideas and suggestions to ensure informed and democratic decision-making. It avoids the weakness of Western-style political party systems: When making decisions and exercising governance, political parties act in their own interests or the interests of the classes, regions and groups they represent, provoking division in society.

        鞏固和發展最廣泛的愛國統一戰線

        Broad Patriotic United Front

        統一戰線是中國共產黨凝聚人心、匯集力量的重要法寶。

        The united front is an important structure through which the CPC earns popular support and pools strengths.

        在人民民主實踐中,中國共產黨始終把統一戰線擺在重要位置,堅持大團結大聯合,堅持一致性和多樣性相統一,統籌做好民主黨派和無黨派人士工作、黨外知識分子工作、民族工作、宗教工作、非公有制經濟領域統戰工作、新的社會階層人士統戰工作、港澳臺統戰工作、海外統一戰線工作和僑務工作,團結一切可以團結的力量、調動一切可以調動的積極因素,廣泛凝聚共識,尋求最大公約數、畫出最大同心圓,不斷促進政黨關系、民族關系、宗教關系、階層關系、海內外同胞關系和諧,最大限度凝聚起中華民族一切智慧和力量。

        In practicing people's democracy, the Party has always placed the united front in an important position, striving to achieve great unity and solidarity and balance commonality and diversity. The Party has made coordinated efforts to unite the other political parties, the non-affiliates, intellectuals who are not CPC members, members of ethnic minorities and religious groups, people working in non-public sectors, people belonging to new social groups, compatriots in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and overseas Chinese and returned Chinese nationals. It has combined all the forces that can be united and mobilized all positive factors to build a broad consensus, expand common ground, and achieve convergence of interests. In order to pool the wisdom and strength of the Chinese nation to the full, it has systematically promoted harmonious relations between political parties, between ethnic groups, between religions, between social groups and between Chinese people at home and overseas.

        堅持和完善民族區域自治制度

        The System of Regional Ethnic Autonomy

        民族區域自治制度,是指在國家統一領導下,各少數民族聚居的地方實行區域自治,設立自治機關,行使自治權的制度。

        The system of regional ethnic autonomy means that areas with large ethnic minority populations can practice regional autonomy, establish autonomous organs, and exercise the power of self-government under the unified leadership of the state.

        中國實行民族區域自治,以領土完整、國家統一為前提和基礎,體現了統一與自治的結合、民族因素與區域因素的結合,完全符合中國國情和實際。

        Territorial integrity and national unification are preconditions and foundations for regional ethnic autonomy, which combines unification with autonomy and ethnic factors with regional factors, and are thoroughly suited to China's realities.

        實行民族區域自治,從制度和政策層面保障了少數民族公民享有平等自由權利 以及經濟、社會、文化權利。

        Regional ethnic autonomy provides institutional and policy guarantees to ensure that ethnic minority citizens enjoy rights to equality and freedom, and to economic, social and cultural services.

        民族區域自治制度,極大增強了各族人民當家作主的自豪感責任感,極大調動了各族人民共創中華民族美好未來、共享中華民族偉大榮光的積極性主動性創造性。

        The system of regional ethnic autonomy has greatly increased the sense of pride and responsibility of people of all ethnic groups and stimulated their enthusiasm, initiative and

        creativity in jointly steering the course to a bright future.

        堅持和完善基層群眾自治制度

        The System of Community-Level Self-Governance

        中國實行以村民自治制度、居民自治制度和職工代表大會制度為主要內容的基層群眾自治制度,人民群眾在基層黨組織的領導和支持下,依法直接行使民主權利,實現自我管理、自我服務、自我教育、自我監督,有效防止了人民形式上有權、實際上無權的現象。

        China applies a system of community-level self-governance represented by villagers autonomy, urban residents autonomy, and employees congresses. Under the leadership and support of community-level Party organizations, local residents directly exercise the democratic right to manage their own affairs by serving the community, undertaking self-education, and exercising public scrutiny. This effectively ensures that the people's rights are genuinely respected.

        村(居)民議事會、村(居)民論壇、民主懇談會、民主聽證會

        residents councils, residents workshops, democratic discussions and hearings, courtyard discussions, neighborhood meetings, offline roundtables and online group chats

        基層治理共同體

        a grassroots governance system

        具有具體現實的民主實踐

        Concrete and Pragmatic Practices

        全過程人民民主,把選舉民主與協商民主結合起來,把民主選舉、民主協商、民主決策、民主管理、民主監督貫通起來,涵蓋經濟、政治、文化、社會、生態文明等各個方面,關注國家發展大事、社會治理難事、百姓日?,嵤?。

        China's whole-process people's democracy is a combination of electoral democracy and consultative democracy, and is applied through a combination of elections, consultations, decision-making, management and oversight. It covers the economic, political, cultural, social, eco-environmental and other fields, with a focus on national development, social governance and people's lives.

        民主選舉

        Democratic Election

        中國的民主選舉是符合中國國情的,是與中國的發展階段相適應的,是隨著經濟社會發展與時俱進的。

        China's democratic elections are adapted to the country's national conditions and stage of socio-economic development.

        民主協商

        Democratic Consultation

        有事好商量,眾人的事情由眾人商量,找到全社會意愿和要求的最大公約數,是人民民主的真諦。

        Whenever a problem occurs, those concerned should always hold deliberations in good faith. Matters involving many people are discussed by all those involved; to reach the greatest common ground based on the wishes and needs of the whole of society is the essence of people's democracy.

        協商民主源自中華民族長期形成的天下為公、兼容并蓄、求同存異等優秀政治文化。

        Democratic consultation derives from the best of traditional Chinese culture, including such ideas as aspiring for the common good, mutual understanding and inclusiveness, and seeking common ground while setting aside differences.

        提案、會議、座談、論證、聽證、評估、咨詢、網絡、民意調查

        proposals, conferences, discussions, seminars, hearings, assessments, consultations, the internet, and opinion polls

        政黨協商、人大協商、政府協商、政協協商、人民團體協商、基層協商、社會組織協商

        consultations carried out by political parties, people's congresses, government departments, CPPCC committees, people's organizations, social organizations, and communities

        民主決策

        Democratic Decision-Making

        在中國,察民情、聽民聲、順民意,群策群力、集思廣益成為常態,越來越多來自基層的聲音直達各級決策層,越來越多的群眾意見轉化為黨和政府的重大決策。

        In China, the standard practice is to hear people's voices, act on their needs, and pool their ideas and strength. More and more ideas and suggestions of the general public are flowing directly to decision-makers at all levels, and they are increasingly reflected in the major decisions of the Party and the government.

        人大“開門立法”

        open-door legislation by the NPC

        政府“開門問策”

        transparent decision-making by the government

        廣大群眾參與基層決策

        grassroots decision-making

        民主管理

        Democratic Management

        人民的事人民管,人民的事人民辦。

        In China, the people manage their own affairs.

        在中國,廣大人民弘揚主人翁精神,發揮主體作用,積極行使民主權利,通過各種途徑和形式,管理國家事務,管理經濟和文化事業,管理社會事務。

        They are the masters of the country and exercise their democratic rights accordingly, managing affairs of the state, the economy, culture, and society through various channels and in many forms.

        參與國家政治生活和社會生活的管理

        participation in the management of political and social life

        城鄉社區民主管理

        democratic management of urban and rural communities

        企事業單位民主管理

        democratic management of enterprises and public institutions

        社會組織民主管理

        democratic management of social organizations

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